Tuesday, July 21, 2020

The Transylvania Company


Photo from George H. Honig

The Richard Henderson Company, under the leadership of Judge Richard Henderson of North Carolina, was established in 1773 to conduct speculative ventures. In March 1775, this company transformed into the Transylvania Company and Henderson helped negotiated the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals with the Cherokee Native Americans.  Henderson was an important man in the east – a colonel in the militia, a noted orator, a judge – a self-made man who had dreams of a great fortune in the West. He had a vision of taking over Kentucky and making it a separate country with himself as supreme ruler, or at least a new colony with himself as governor. When trying to describe the glory and bounty of Kentucky, Henderson said,
“A description of the country is a vain attempt, there being nothing else to compare with it, and therefore could be only known to those who visit it."
Photo from the Robinson Library

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